Mohamed Abdou

Distinguished Professor of Engineering and Applied Science, UCLA

Director, Fusion Science & Technology Center at UCLA

Director, Center for Energy Science and Technology Advanced Research (CESTAR)

[Publications / Presentations]

 

 

Education

M.S. and Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering - University of Wisconsin; B.S. - University of Alexandria

 

Areas of Research

Professor Abdou's research involves theory, modeling, experiments, design, and analysis. The research includes both basic and applied research. The general area of application is fusion engineering with special emphasis on Fusion Nuclear Technology (FNT). The focus of the basic research has been on uncovering, understanding, and modeling of basic phenomena related to the responses of solids and fluids to the fusion environment. The applied research has aimed to: a) develop predictive capability, b) identify engineering scaling laws for fusion testing facilities, and c) conceptualize and develop innovative designs for FNT components, and fusion reactors.

The research can be divided into 5 areas:

1.      Neutronics

2.      Tritium Behavior & Fuel Cycle

3.      Thermofluids

4.      Thermomechanics

5.      Innovative Designs and Engineering Testing

*For more detailed information on research activities, please view: www.fusion.ucla.edu

 

Key Professional Activities

  • Director, Fusion Science and Technology Center at UCLA (1998–present)
  • Founding President, US Council of Energy Research and Education Leaders (CEREL)
  • Director, Center for Energy Science and  Technology Advanced Research (CESTAR) (2003–present)
  • US Leader, International Test Blanket Module Program for ITER
  • Chairman, International Standing Committee for Fusion Nuclear Technology (1991–1994, 1997–2002)
  • Leader, APEX (Advanced Power Extraction) Project, a multi-national, multi-disciplinary, and multi-institutional project for innovative high power density fusion nuclear technology. (1997–2003)
  • Leader, US-Japan Collaboration on Thermofluids and Thermomechanics. (1995–present)
  • Chairman, World Bank International Consultants Committee on Science and Technology (1995–1997)
  • Member,US Environmental Protection Agency delegation to Workshop on Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing in Cairo (1996)
  • Leader, International Energy Agency (IEA) Study on High-Volume Plasma Based Neutron Sources (participants: Europe, Japan, USA, Russia; observers: China)(1994–1995)
  • US Leader for ITER Technology Testing [ITER is the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, a $10 billion collaborative project between the U.S., Japan, Europe, and Russia] (Leader of the International Program, 1987–1989 and 1993–1995; Leader of the U.S. Program 1987–1999)
  • Member, White House Panel on Environmentally Sustainable Development (1990)
  • US Leader of several collaborative Fusion Technology Programs with Europe, Japan, China, and Russia
  • Leader of several multi-institution, multi-disciplinary system and technology studies (e.g. STARFIRE, Blanket Comparison and Selection Study, INTOR Fusion Technology)
  • Editor-in-Chief, Fusion Engineering and Design (Scholarly Journal published by Elsevier)

 

Honors and Awards

  • “2010 Einstein Professorship” Award from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2010)
  • Top (first) and 4th most cited journal articles in Fusion Engineering since 1996, Elsevier (2008)
  • 9th International Conference for Energy & the Environment Award (2005)

Award given for "his seminal and pioneering contributions to fusion science and technology, and for his dedication to promoting international collaboration in science and technology."

  • Miya-Abdou Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Field of Fusion Nuclear Technology (2002)

An award founded by the International Steering Committee for Fusion Nuclear Technology (ISFNT) to be given every three years in recognition of Miya and Abdou's pioneering scholarly research and leadership contributions in laying the technical foundations for and advancing the field of Fusion Nuclear Technology.

  • American Muslim Achievement Award (2000)

Presented annually to recognize American Muslims who have made truly outstanding contributions in their fields of work, and to the world community. Past recipients include Nobel Prize winners, Film Directors, Scientists, and Corporate Chief Executives.

  • University of California "Distinguished Professor" (1999)

Awarded in recognition of being "a scholar and teacher of the highest distinction."

  • Fusion Power Associates Leadership Award (1996)

"For outstanding leadership qualities in accelerating the development of fusion. In selecting you the Board recognizes the outstanding job you have done over many years to provide vision, leadership and direction to the U.S. and world Fusion technology programs. We recognize both your prolific technical contributions and your leadership of several multi-institutional technical and planning studies."

  • Leader, International Study on High Volume Plasma-Based Neutron Sources (1994)

Selected by the Heads of the World Programs to lead the study under the auspices of the International Energy Agency (IEA) in 1994-1995. Major participants included Europe, Japan, and the U.S. The study conducted a technical evaluation and recommended a new facility (VNS) at a cost of 2 billion dollars.

  • Fellow, American Nuclear Society (1990)

"For his outstanding contributions to the advancement of nuclear science and engineering. For his outstanding contributions to fusion science and engineering and the development of fusion nuclear technology including pioneering research in fusion neutronics, blanket, and shielding analysis, and for exceptional leadership of several reactor design studies and fusion nuclear engineering research projects."

  • Fellow, The Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (1988)
  • ANS Outstanding Achievement Award (1988)

The Outstanding Achievement Award is the most prestigious award of the Fusion Engineering Division of ANS. It is presented to an ANS member in recognition of exemplary individual achievement requiring professional excellence and leadership of high caliber in the area of fusion science and engineering.

  • US Department of Energy Distinguished Associate Award (1988)

(Most prestigious award by the Secretary of Energy to DOE contractor.) "This award is in recognition of your exceptional leadership of the Technical Program Analysis activity. Your efforts have resulted in the first comprehensive and detailed technical plan for the development of fusion energy.This body of work will serve as a solid foundation for both long-term planning in the U.S. Magnetic Fusion Energy Program, as well as for international."

  • U.S. Department of Energy Certificate of Appreciation (1988)

"For your dedicated efforts during the International Tokamak Reactor (INTOR) study. Your work has pioneered the process of four-party interactions in fusion research that has opened the way for us to proceed with the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor program. Also, your efforts in identifying differences and similarities among the national approaches to the next major device in fusion have set the tone for ITER and allowed us to expect that the ITER work will be successful."

  • Japan Atomic Energy Association Special Recognition (1985) "For distinguished contributions to the world fusion program."
  • U.S. Department of Energy Special Recognition of Outstanding Contribution (1984)

"For outstanding contributions toward more effective U.S./Japan fusion cooperation. His internationally recognized stature as a technical authority on the substance of the collaborative program and the leadership which he personally brought to bear…his style of excellence which brings credit to himself and to…UCLA."

  • American Nuclear Society Young Members Engineering Achievement Award (1982)

"For recognition of outstanding contributions to fusion technology and engineering including pioneering developments in fusion neutronics and shielding analysis, leadership in the STARFIRE tokamak reactor conceptual design, and direction of the nuclear systems and materials analysis for the US Fusion Engineering Device (FED) and International Tokamak Reactor (INTOR) Project."

  • Invited Keynote Speaker to numerous major international conferences and workshops. Invited Seminar Speaker in various institutions (academic, government, and industry) in USA, Europe, Japan, Russia, Korea, and China.
  • Chaired many scientific review and advisory panels for the US Government, Academy of Sciences, and international organizations.

 

Publications

Over 350 publications in peer reviewed scholarly journals, plus over 140 publications in conference proceedings, and over 60 topical reports on fusion nuclear technology, heat transfer, magnetohydrodynamics, tritium production and processing, particle transport, radiation protection, materials, thermomechanical applications, and renewable energy sources. Research covers design, experiments, modeling, analysis, and prototype testing. Several publications on technical planning of R&D for large national and collaborative international technology projects and facilities.

Key Publications (FOR A COMPLETE LIST OF PUBLICATIONS, CLICK HERE)

S. Smolentsev, M. Abdou, et. al., "Numerical Analysis of MHD Flow and Heat Transfer in a Poloidal Channel of the DCLL Blanket with a SiCf/SiC Flow Channel Insert", Fusion Engineering & Design, 81:(1–7), 549–553 (2006).

M. Sawan, M. Abdou, "Physics and Technology Conditions for attaining Tritium Self-Sufficiency for the DT Fuel Cycle", Fusion Engineering & Design, 81:(8–14), 1131–1144 (2006).

M. Narula, M. Abdou, et. al., "Exploring Liquid Metal Plasma Facing Component (PFC) Concepts--Liquid Metal Film Flow Behavior under Fusion Relevant Magnetic Fields", Fusion Engineering & Design, 81:(8–14), 1543–1548 (2006).

M. Abdou, et. al., "Overview of Fusion Blanket R&D in the U.S. over the Last Decade", Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 37:5 (2005).

M. Abdou et al., "U.S. Plans and Strategy for ITER Blanket Testing", Fusion Science and Technology, 47:3, 475-487 (2005).

M. Narula, A. Ying, M. Abdou, "A Study of Liquid Metal Film Flow, Under Fusion Relevant Magnetic Fields", Fusion Science and Technology, 47:3, 564-568 (2005).

M. Abdou, "Special Issue on Innovative High-Power Density Concepts for Fusion Plasma Chambers", Fusion Engineering and Design, 72:1-3, 1-2 (2004).

A. Ying, M. Abdou, N. Morley, T. Sketchley, R. Woolley, J. Burris, R. Kaita, P. Fogarty, H. Huang, X. Lao et al., "Exploratory studies of flowing liquid metal divertor options for fusion-relevant magnetic fields in the MTOR facility", Fusion Engineering and Design, 72:1-3, 35-62 (2004).

M. Ni, M. Abdou, " Temporal Second-Order Accuracy SIMPLE-Type Method for Unsteady Incompressible Flows", Numerical Heat Transfer B, 46:529-548 (2004).

X. Luo, A. Ying and M. Abdou, "Experimental and Computational Simulation of Free Jet Characteristics Under Transverse Field Gradients", Fusion Science and Technology, 44:1, 85-93 (2003).

S. Smolentsev, M. Abdou, et al., "Application of the 'K-e' Model to Open Channel Flows in a Magnetic Field", International Journal of Engineering Science, 40: 693–711 (2002).

Z. Lu, M. Abdou, A. Ying, "3-D Micromechanical Modeling of Packed Beds", Journal of Nuclear Materials, 299: 101–110 (2001).

M. Abdou, et al., "On the Exploration of Innovative Concepts for Fusion Chamber Technology", Fusion Engineering and Design, 54: 181–247 (2001).

M. Abdou, "Research on Liquid Walls for Fusion Systems", JSAEM Studies in Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 9: 151–152 (2001).

M. Youssef, M. Abdou, "Heat Deposition, Damage, and Tritium Breeding Characteristics in Thick Liquid Wall Blanket Concepts", Fusion Engineering and Design, 49–50: 719–725 (2000).

Z. Lu, A. Ying, M. Abdou, "Numerical and Experimental Prediction of the Thermomechanical Performance of the Pebble Beds for Solid Breeder Blanket", Fusion Engineering and Design, 49–50: 605–611 (2000).

K. Gulec, M. Abdou, et al., "Novel liquid blanket configurations and their hydrodynamic analyses for innovative confinement concepts", Fusion Engineering and Design, 49–50: 567–576 (2000).

S. Cho, M. Abdou, "Analysis of Tritium Kinetics of SIBELIUS Beryllium", Fusion Engineering and Design, 51–52: 85–91 (2000).

S. Harkness, C. Baker, M. Abdou, et al., "Review of the Fusion Materials Research Program", Journal of Fusion Energy, 19(1): 45–64 (2000).

M. Abdou and the APEX Team, "Exploring Novel High Power Density Concepts for Attractive Fusion Systems", Fusion Engineering & Design, 45(1): 145–167 (1999).

A. Ying, M. Abdou, "Analysis of Thermomechanical Interactions and Properties of Ceramic Breeder Blankets", Fusion Engineering and Design, 39–40: 651–657 (1998).

M. Abdou, A. Ying, and Z. Lu, "Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Ceramic Blanket Particle Bed Materials: Numerical Derivation", Journal of Nuclear Materials, 258–263: 576–581 (1998).

A. Ying, M. Abdou, "Scaling Criteria for IFE Liquid Wall Protection Scheme Simulation", Fusion Engineering and Design, 42: 555–561 (1998).

L. Zhang, M. Abdou, "Kerma Factor Evaluation and its Application in Nuclear Heating Experiment Analysis", Fusion Engineering and Design, 36: 479–503 (1997).

M. Abdou, et al, "Results of an International Study on a High-Volume Plasma-Based Neutron Source for Fusion Blanket Development,[9MB]", Fusion Technology, 29: 1–57 (1996).

S. Ho and M. Abdou, "Exploration and Assessment of Design Windows for a Tokamak-Based Volumetric Neutron Source", Fusion Engineering and Design, 31(4): 323–332 (1996).

R. Abelson and M. Abdou, "Experimental Evaluation of the Interface Heat Conductance between Roughened Beryllium and Stainless Steel Surfaces", Journal of Nuclear Materials, 233–237: 847–851 (1996).

M. Abdou, "A Volumetric Neutron Source for Fusion Nuclear Technology Testing and Development", Fusion Engineering and Design, 27: 111–153 (1995).

M. Abdou et al., "Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute/United States Integral Neutronics Experiments and Analyses for Tritium Breeding, Nuclear Heating, and Induced Radioactivity [5MB]", Fusion Technology, 28(1): 5–38 (1995).

N. Morley and M. Abdou, "Modeling of Fully-Developed, Liquid Metal, Thin Film Flows for Fusion Divertor Applications", Fusion Engineering and Design, 30(4): 339–356 (1995).

M. Abdou, et al., "Evaluation of the Prediction Uncertainty in Tritium Production based on Results from Experiments on an Li2O Annular Blanket surrounding a 14 MeV Simulated Line Source", Fusion Engineering and Design, 28: 673–682 (1995).

H. Maekawa and M. Abdou, "Summary of Experiments and Analyses from the JAERI/USDOE Collaborative Program on Fusion Blanket Neutronics", Fusion Engineering and Design, 28: 479–491 (1995).

M. Abdou, et al., "Critical Technical Issues and Evaluation and Comparison Studies for Inertial Fusion Energy Reactors", Fusion Engineering and Design, 23(4): 251–297 (1993).

M. Abdou and L. Waganer, "PROMETHEUS Designs for Laser-Driven and Heavy-Ion-Driven Fusion Reactors", Fusion Technology, 2: 1653–1657 (1992).

M. Abdou, "ITER Test Program: Key Technical Aspects", Fusion Technology, 19: 1439–1451 (1991).

M. Abdou, M. Tillack, and A. Raffray, "Thermal, Fluid Flow and Tritium Release Problems in Fusion Blankets", Fusion Technology, 18(2): 165–200 (1990).

M. Abdou, et al., "Technical Issues and Requirements of Experiments and Facilities for Fusion Nuclear Technology", Nuclear Fusion, 27(4): 619–688 (1987).

M. Abdou, et al., "Deuterium-Tritium Fuel Self-Sufficiency in Fusion Reactors", Fusion Technology, 9: 250–285 (1986).

M. Abdou, et al., "A Study of the Issues and Experiments for Fusion Nuclear Technology", Fusion Technology, 8: 2595–2645 (1985).

M. Abdou, et. al, "Demonstration Tokamak Power Plant," Nuclear Technology/Fusion, 4: 579-588 (1983).

M. Abdou, et. al, "Engineering Testing Requirements in FED/INTOR", Nuclear Technology/Fusion, 4: 1043-1051 (1983).

M. Abdou, "Key Issues of FED INTOR Impurity Control System", Nuclear Technology/Fusion, 4: 654-665 (1983).

M. Abdou, R.F. Mattas, et al., "Important Material Considerations in INTOR", Nuclear Materials, 103/104: 41–50 (1981).

M. Abdou and Z. El-Derini, "A Comparative Study of the Performance and Economics of Advanced and Conventional Structural Materials in Fusion Systems", Nuclear Materials, 85/86: 57–64 (1979).

M. Abdou, "Radiation Considerations for Superconducting Fusion Magnets", Nuclear Materials, 72(1/2): 147–167 (1978).

M. Abdou, "Nuclear Design of the Blanket/Shield System for a Tokamak Experimental Reactor", Nuclear Technology 29: 7–36 (1976).

M. Abdou and C.W. Maynard, "Calculational Methods for Nuclear Heating—Part I: Theoretical and Computational Algorithms", Nuclear Science and Engineering, 56: 360-380 (1975).

M. Abdou, L.J. Wittenberg, and C.W. Maynard, "A Fusion Design Study of Nonmobile Blankets with Low Lithium and Tritium Inventories", Nuclear Technology, 26: 400–419 (1975).

 

Presentations, Seminars and Keynote Addresses

Over 300 presentations given at various conferences, symposia, workshops, and planning meetings; invited keynote speaker at numerous highly regarded international conferences; seminars given at leading institutes, government agencies, and universities.

Key Presentations (FOR A COMPLETE LIST OF PRESENTATIONS, CLICK HERE)

"Fusion Nuclear Technology: Grand Challenges with Exciting Opportunities for Young Researchers", keynote remarks presented at the 7th Int'l Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology, 22-29 May 2005. [Powerpoint]

"Fusion: The Energy Source for the XXI Century", keynote remarks presented at the 9th Int'l Cairo Conference on Energy and Environment, 13-17 March 2005. [Powerpoint]

"Fusion: Basic Principles, Current Progress and ITER Plans", plenary talk presented at the 9th Int'l Cairo Conference on Energy and Environment, 13-17 March 2005. [Powerpoint]

"ITER Test Blanket Module (TBM) and ITER Nuclear Science and Engineering", presented at the VLT/USIPO meeting, PPPL, Princeton NJ, 20-21 October 2004. [Powerpoint]

"Overview of US and UCLA Plasma Chamber Systems Program (and UCLA work under PFC)", briefing to Gene Nardella, DOE/OFES, Washington, D.C, 21 July 2004. [PowerPoint or Adobe PDF]

"Overview of Principles, Concepts, and Key Issues of Fusion Nuclear Technology", KAERI/KBSI, Korea, April, 2004. [Presentation]

"Overview of Fusion Nuclear Technology", KAIF/KNS, Seoul, Korea, April 27, 2004. [Presentation]

"Plasma Chamber Systems", General Atomics, San Diego, March 2, 2004. [Presentation]

"Briefing to DOE Office of Science on Fusion Chamber Technology", Washington D.C., June 3, 2003. [Presentation]

"US Participation in the ITER Test Blanket Module Program", US ITER Forum, Adelphi, MD, May 8, 2003. [Presentation, US Participation in the ITER Test Blanket Program]

"Chamber Technology (CT), Why Now?", VLT-PAC Meeting, General Atomics, San Diego, CA, February 25, 2003. [Presentation]

"On Fusion Nuclear Technology Development Requirements and the Role of CTF toward DEMO", FESAC Development Path Panel Meeting, LLNL, Livermore, CA, October 28, 2002. [Presentation, Appendix]

US Fusion Materials Sciences Program Strategic Planning Meeting, UCSB (Santa Barbara, CA), August 27, 2002. [Presentation, Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C]

Contact Information

Phone:

(310) 206-0501

Fax:

(310) 825-2599

Office:

UCLA, MAE Dept, 44-114 ENG IV
Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1597

E-mail:

abdou@fusion.ucla.edu